Color is an important part of filmmaking. Color is how people perceive the story, characters, and the film, in general. In video production, there is much thought about color grading a film in post because it is significant to the story. Color correction is the process of altering and enhancing the color of a motion picture in a non-linear editing program.
Let’s take this image for example. On the left side of the image, we see an entirely color graded image, while on the right we see the flat picture. A flat image or video is an image recorded directly out the camera with minimal color effects added. In production, you don’t usually bake too much information in the compressed video file. In the post, the colorist or editor was able to adjust the color of the video in a way that would affect both the mood and prevalence of the image. Aspects like sharpness, contrast and color saturation are typically elements you do not want to define too sharply in the camera, but in the post. You can see clearly that without the color grading, the image would evoke a different mood, it’s almost bland. But this is what color grading allows, it allows editors and colorists the ability to evoke a different feeling and tone for your video.
Principle of color correction and grading
To understand how to adjust color for your video, you must first understand the actual process of color correction and color grading. Color correction is the process of altering the overall color of an image, so there’s a consistent color temperature throughout the entire film – and this, a uniform look for the story. This is done before any color grading, as the actual raw footage needs to be corrected, so it matches how the human eye sees things.
Color grading is the second step, which provides a specific visual style for the film. This can utilize elements of necessary color correction but is taken further. This seriously alters the color of the film to match a particular mood, tone, or theme.
Color correction and grading is an option accessible to editors in modern-day editing platforms. You will see the option for color editing in most editing platforms including Adobe, Final Cut, iMovie, Wondershare and many other editing platforms. With these few tips in using Wondershare specifically for color editing, you can change the entire mood of the film for the better.
When you’re ready to start the color correction and grading process, you have first to understand what do you want the piece to achieve. There are different feelings you can reach with various adjustments. If you’d want to express a happier mood, you wouldn’t use a dark tone or a more relaxed color. Instead, you’d use a warmer tone and brighter colors. The same would go for a more emotional piece focusing on dark elements; you’d use more of a more relaxed and darker tones. Depending on the specific emotion you want to achieve, you will adjust the contrast, saturation, brightness, and tent, to accomplish that particular mood.
how to correct color by wondershare filmora
Now, let’s move into the Wondershare Filmora specific controls for editing the color of a video. To access these controls, we look within the Video Inspector of any particular clip. Wondershare uses four primary settings that allow for color correction. These settings include brightness, contrast, tint, and saturation. Wondershare also has a LUT, which is, a Look-Up Table. LUT is a mathematically precise way of taking specific RGB image values from a source image – and modifying them to new RGB values by changing the hue, saturation and brightness values of that source image. LUT’s are typically used to achieve specific looks; there are several creative LUT’s which could be taught of like a preset, and can be applied to any clips. Wondershare has some familiar LUT’s including, a Star Wars look, Walking Dead look and many more. Using a LUT is an easier way to adjusting the color, but modifying those specific four settings give you more control of the outcome of the video.
Related: Click to wondershare filmora review
The last control within this Video Inspector is the enhance button, which allows for auto-adjustment of color correction. This will adjust the brightness, contrast, tint, and saturation automatically, to achieve a look. Auto-enhance is not always the best method of producing the best outcome but is a start in understanding how your final output should look. Remember color editing is subjective, a good look must seem useful to you and represent the emotion of the clip well.
So you may be asking, I have these four individual controls, how do I achieve a good look by adjusting them? Again, I remind you that color correction is entirely subjective. If you do not have the high-grade equipment to change these settings or are not a trained colorist, the best method to achieve the best look is to understand what these controls do to your video.
Sometimes you can find that the video shot could sometimes be underexposed or even overexposed. In these cases, by using Wondershare Filmora, you can quickly adjust the brightness of the clip in the Video Inspector.
You want to make sure that your adjustments to the video, do not overexpose or underexpose the video even more. Instead, you should aim for the correctly exposed image with the video. And by adjusting the brightness, you can quickly achieve the desired look.
Likewise, by contrast, if the colors in your video seem a bit off or if the lighting does not seem right, you can adjust this with the contrast settings. Contrast deals with the separation between the darkest and brightest areas of the image. By increasing the contrast, you would increase the separated between dark and bright; this would make shadows darker and highlights brighter. In contrast, by decreasing contrast, you’d bring the shadows up and highlights down which would make them closer to each other. Typically you’d add contrast to achieve a pop and decrease contrast to complete a more dull look.
You want to make sure that your adjustments of the video, do not overexpose or underexpose the video even more. Instead, you should aim for the properly exposed image with the video. And by adjusting the brightness, you can easily achieve the desired look.
With tint, this effect reduces your image to two colors based on the dark and light pixels. Then it applies a color to those two kinds of pixels so that a white could be mapped to another color and vice versa. In this version, a tint is referring to the warmer and more relaxed feel of the image. Moving to the right you’ll get a more summery feel and to the left a cooler feel. The warmer feel will focus more on the reds of the image, and the cooler feel will focus more on the blues of the image rather than the red or greens, in the RGB spectrum.
Saturation is very similar to contrast, however, instead of increasing the separation of shadows and highlights, you increase the separation between colors. Saturation essentially increases three parameters: contrast, brightness, and sharpness. Saturation works best for vibrant colors and does not work as well in dull colors.
Now with understanding these specific tools you can achieve color correction in your videos. The next step, which is optional, would be color grading. Wondershare Filmora has an interesting feature built into the software that allows you to apply various types of filters to the clips, that would allow you to achieve a graded look. Wondershare Filmora has several different types of filters including, faux film, nightlife, Lomography, black & white, sepia tone, distortion, material, and Instagram. These various filters can be applied to your clips with the desire of achieving that final look after the corrected image from color correction. These additional filters can have an effect on the overall outcome and emotion of your story. Because Wondershare Filmora has over 100 different color grading filters already imported in the software, it will make it even easier to add these effects. Without the cost of a professional video editing software, you can achieve professional looks with Wondershare because of this significant feature.
Correct color step by step
Assuming you have already completed your edit, the last step will most likely be your color correction. Not every video needs every setting to be adjusted; sometimes there are only one or two elements that are required in order to achieve the best look.
Let’s take this clip of a car with a person opening the door and the camera shot cutting to a billboard. For this shot, I want to achieve a warmer look. You can see in the clip, that the video is pretty standard. But some of the colors are a tad bit off, the white doesn’t look natural white, and the red could be more defined. So to adjust these settings, you will open up your advanced color tuner, which will allow you to customize those settings.
In our advanced color tuning, we have those four primary settings we can change along with some additional ones. For this clip, I’ll adjust the white balance and color.
To adjust the white balance, you would click the parameter and then change the temperature and tint. You can see here, with regulating the temperature, I achieve a more refreshing look at this scene. I could adjust even more to make a warmer look. You can see that Wondershare Filmora has a simple color tuner, and shows you what the changes in settings will result to. A more warmer look would bring out more orange as a more cooler look would bring out more blues. This is shown in the panel as well. Now let’s adjust the color.
These are some more elements you can change here as well. I wanted to adjust the contrast and saturation which give it a cooler look as well. This is providing this clip a nice emotion, and I think with these adjustments my clip is properly color corrected. The white looks more natural, the sky is bluer and looks natural as well, and the red pops. But, let’s say I didn’t want to play with these individual settings, I could use a LUT. LUT’s could be considered as built-in presets that changes these parameters automatically. For this example, I applied a Warm LUT which provides a different emotion to this particular clip. I think it would work as well, depending on the emotion I want to evoke during this scene.
As you can see, color plays an important role in all of the videos. With just these simple edits, you could take your video up to the next point.